It is known as skin rash to an alteration in the texture and color of the skin, which can affect the whole body or different parts of it and appear suddenly or progressively. There are many causes of this disorder, so it is essential to make a consultation with a specialist so that the same performs the corresponding control and can diagnose the patient, finding its cause and offering the most appropriate treatment for each case in particular.
Skin rashes can be a very common disorder, but there are several skin lesions and sometimes it can be very difficult to find the factor that is causing them. If you want to know more about this pathology, in the following MedicalEver article, you will find all the information about the rash: causes and treatment.
Rashes on the skin, a symptom in allergies
One of the causes of the most frequent skin rashes are allergies. There are allergies to different substances, such as drugs, chemicals, pollen, dyes, among others and can manifest in people of different forms, so it is important to stay alert and make a consultation with a specialist in the presence of any kind of alteration in the skin.
The first symptoms that can be observed in the skin when an allergy is suffered is redness, burning, itching and small hives that are usually red; However, more severe symptoms such as nasal obstruction, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing normally, and others that should be remedied urgently by a professional may be present.
Hives, itchy rash
Urticaria is another cause of the skin rash. It is a red welts that can cause itching in the dermis. This occurs because the body releases chemicals for various reasons that cause hives and inflammation in the skin.
Although urticaria is a very common disorder and in many cases it disappears by itself, there are occasions when medicines or injections are needed, so it is essential to consult with a doctor because, in very few cases, Urticaria can cause inflammation in the respiratory tract, causing difficulties in breathing normally. In the following article, we explain in more detail what are the causes, symptoms and treatment of urticaria.
Acne, an alteration that causes skin rashes
Acne is the most frequent cause of skin rashes. Although this disorder occurs more consistently in adolescence, anyone can suffer it and it is important that the correct treatment is done to avoid skin infections.
The pimples that appear in those who suffer from acne are born when the hair follicles, located under the skin, are clogged. The most frequent places of appearance are the face, chest, neck and back, but they can appear anywhere.
Psoriasis, produces itchy skin rashes
The psoriasis is a skin disease that causes skin patches thickened red and scaly causing pain and itching. It usually appears on the knees, shoulders, face, scalp, soles of the feet and the palm of the hands, although it can occur anywhere on the body.
These rashes are usually due to a weakening of the immune system. Its appearance is formed because the skin suffers from an overproduction of cells, so it also produces a very unsophisticated desquamation of the dermis and bothers for all the symptoms that this disease causes.
Herpes zoster, painful rash
The condition known as herpes zoster, also called shingles, is a rash that causes blisters and can be very painful. It occurs when a person is infected by a virus known as varicella-zoster, the same that causes chickenpox and that is different from oral and genital herpes.
When a patient suffers from chicken pox, the body keeps the virus inactive in some nerves of the body, so if reactivated generates the appearance of shingles. Although it can appear in anyone, it is more likely to suffer from those over 60 years, who develop chickenpox before the age of 1 year and those who have a weak immune system.
Other causes of skin rashes
- Atopic dermatitis
- Herpes simplex
Skin rash: treatment
It is important that skin rashes are treated correctly and for this it is necessary to go to medical consultation, this in order to determine what is causing this alteration and indicate the best treatment as appropriate. It is essential not to self-medicate and not follow home remedies as the only treatment or without the suggestion of the specialist, since it could worsen the injuries or not obtain the desired results.
The treatments for skin rashes are based, mainly, on the use of certain creams, the intake of some medications or the injections; however, there are certain cases that do not need any specific treatment, for example, if the rash in the dermis is due to an allergy, it is possible that the doctor offers the only solution to get away from the agent that is causing this disorder.
It is also important that good personal hygiene is carried out in the areas affected by skin rashes, so you should consult a specialist the best way to do it. It is usually based on using warm water, washing carefully without using products that can irritate the area like soap. Also, the area should be dried gently with small touches, without rubbing or making sudden movements.