Lupus is a chronic disease in which the immune system attacks healthy cells. It can affect multiple organs.
There are endless diseases, some much more worrisome than others and, therefore, more recognized, dangerous and with elaborated symptoms. However, others are less known, and there are not as many investigations, information or therapies. A perfect example is lupus.
What is lupus?
It is considered one of the most dangerous and unstable diseases due to its nature: autoimmune.
On the other hand, it is rare and, in turn, unpredictable, considering that it affects the immune system. That is, it attacks and affects the cells of this system. Destroys bodily defenses, which are not able to cope with bacteria and other substances harmful to the body.
The immune system and lupus
First, let’s talk a little about the immune system and its importance to the body.
- It is made up of special organs, cells, tissues, proteins, among other things.
- This set fulfills the main function of protecting the whole body from foreign elements.
- Within these elements, bacteria, germs and microorganisms stand out.
In short, the immune system is a set of functions responsible for protecting it. So what does it have to do with a disease like lupus?
Although not a contagious disease, it affects all the body’s defenses. Hence its close relationship with the system in question. That is to say, little by little he is attacking his cells and tissues.
Types of lupus
This disease is divided into three types.
1. Systemic lupus erythematosus
Also known as SLE, this type of lupus is the most common. Many times it is simply called ‘lupus’, although it is one of its types.
- It regularly affects the most important systems, especially organs such as the heart, brain and kidneys.
- His symptomatological picture is quite varied. For example, in some people it becomes extremely severe and, in others, very mild.
2. Discoid or cutaneous lupus
As indicated by its name, this type of condition primarily affects the tissues of the skin.
Considering that it covers 100% of the body in its most external zone, any part of it can be affected. However, its symptoms usually occur on the face and scalp.
The main ones are the appearance of red rashes, or changes in skin tone.
3. Lupus secondary to medications
This type of condition is similar to systemic lupus, however it is caused by the rejection by the body to certain medications.
Fortunately, the suspension of treatment may be enough to improve your symptoms, as it immediately disappears.
The symptoms of secondary lupus tend to be less severe than those of systemic lupus.
Is it possible to recognize lupus?
This disease is complex, not only for those who suffer from it, but also for health professionals. Indeed, sometimes it is difficult to give a safe diagnosis.
Despite this, it offers some signs that help identify it.
Below, the most common:
- Joint pain.
- Joint inflammation.
- Swelling of thyroid glands.
- Extreme tiredness and without meaning.
- Hair loss.
- Sadness and extreme worry.
- Affections on the face.
- Chest pain.
The onset of symptoms usually occur in outbreaks. That is, they can appear and disappear with greater or lesser severity.
This disease can occur in any human being. In fact, its origin is unknown, although it is associated with hereditary factors.
Despite having no cure, there are many ways to treat it. For this, we must go to a specialist.