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Bed bug bites is something that can sometimes go unnoticed, or in fact we do not even know how they produce so we do not know how to identify them. Then we explain a little more about it and in this way we talk about what are the signs and symptoms of bed bug bites.

What are bed bugs and how to identify them?

Bed bugs are little bugs, similar to fleas of dogs and that produce quite annoying bites as they feed on human or animal blood. These bugs can be found in different areas of our house although it may surprise us.

Its size is tiny, similar to that of an apple seed, a grain of rice or a lentil, so at first sight often go unnoticed.

The tone of their skin varies between copper and a dark reddish brown and when they sting, they become inflamed and turn red after eating blood.

They are usually found in cracks and crevices, as well as in the seams of mattresses, sheets, furniture, behind the skirting boards, in electrical connections and in picture frames.

The worst thing about bed bugs is not just their bites, but that they can become a real pest that can be very uncomfortable in case of not controlling it in time. Next, we see the signs and symptoms of bed bug bites.

Signs and symptoms of bed bug bites

One of the main symptoms that we have suffered from a bite of a bug is the appearance of a small red spot, something bulging in the skin and corresponding to the bite. We have to be careful with this type of bites and not let them pass because they can lead to skin discomfort and other health problems.

If we see that the stain presents some lines online it means that it has bitten us several times. In bed bug bites we will immediately notice an inflammation of the area that stings us, but it can also lead to other symptoms such as asthma, generalized urticaria and even suffer anaphylaxis that requires specialized and urgent treatment.

The most common symptoms, however, are these summarized:

  • Small and elevated skin lesions
  • Pain or itching
  • Dermatitis (inflammation of the skin)
  • Allergic reaction in hypersensitive people with swelling or blistering.

We must always consult our doctor to diagnose that what we have is a bug bite, although a feasible treatment may be:

  • Wash the area well with soap and water.
  • Use an antihistamine, if necessary, for itching

The bite of bed bugs usually occurs at night and especially biting us while in bed, while we sleep, since the mattress and the sheets usually appear and stay if we do not maintain constant hygiene.

Although sometimes it can be difficult to see them, the truth is that a place where bed bugs, such as in bed or on a sofa, will be filled with dry droppings, eggs, eggshells, nymphs and the same bed bugs. At first they may be located at a specific point but then invade the entire space, hiding in grooves, holes or crevices.

If we want to eliminate bed bugs, it is best to wash bedclothes and second-hand clothes at very hot temperatures before using them.

How to treat the symptoms of bed bug bites

The effects of bed bug bites can vary depending on the person. While some do not even realize that they may have bed bugs, other people may be allergic and that the bites result in significant rashes and itching with itching or even severe pain.

As we have indicated before, hygiene is one of the biggest enemies of bed bugs, so one of the best solutions is to wash with soap and water, placing special emphasis on the affected area.

If you have enough pain or itching, you can also take some anti-inflammatory, such as Ibuprofen, or you can also use antihistamines orally without a prescription. In both cases, check the package leaflet or even consult your doctor to find out what the right dose is.

It must be said that you can also visit your doctor, who, if you detect that the bites are products of bed bugs (in some cases it is difficult to determine since it is a bite that looks like other insects), will prescribe a ointment suitable to treat areas of your body that have bites.

Finally, keep in mind that bed bug bites (a reddish swelling similar to that produced by insects) have a longer incubation period of up to 10 days, which can give you an idea of ​​how they got to you (for example, you can realize that they came in your luggage after a trip) and thus end them more easily).

Home remedies for bed bug bites

There are also numerous home remedies that you can start and work very well to combat the effects of bed bug bites. For example, one of these remedies is to make a mixture with water and baking soda. Let’s measure both elements until a paste forms and we apply it on the bites. We let the pasta dry and let it act for about an hour.

Another one of the most effective home remedies that can be applied to treat the symptoms of bed bug bites is lemon. Pour some lemon juice on a cotton ball and rub it gently over the bites. The lemon is a natural astringent and will help the sting to dry and “die” before.

Natural astringent

As we mentioned above, the best for bed bug bites as well as for all types of bites are natural astringents. Among them we can find witch hazel, St. John’s wort or lemon juice. Simply sprinkle these infusions or juices through the bite and help soothe the itching.

Aloe vera

The Aloe vera plant is also very good for stings because it helps us to better hydrate the skin and to regulate the swelling produced. To apply aloe vera in bed bug bites, what we have to do is cut a leaf in two and squeeze the gel that comes out to apply it on the bite. Although the best thing is the natural aloe vera extracted directly from the plant, nowadays we can find in the supermarket many products that contain it and that can also help us in these situations.


Mint is also a perfect herb to treat our skin in different situations but especially with bed bug bites. What we should do is prepare a bath with hot water and pour a few drops of peppermint essential oil that will help to calm the itching and reduce the swelling characteristic of the bite.


If we look for creams for bed bug bites in the pharmacy, we will find that most of them contain hydrocortisone, which is a derivative of cortisone and helps to heal bites more quickly. If you are allergic to these bites, creams with this component are especially recommended because surely your swelling will be greater and it will take several days to go.

Antihistamine diphenhydramine

Finally, many doctors recommend oral antihistamine diphenhydramine to decrease the swelling of the bites and cure them more quickly. The problem is that this medication, like all antihistamines, can cause drowsiness and this can be a serious problem if, for example, we are prepared to drive.